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What are the common parts of residential buildings in the Czech Republic?

19.6.2017 | Ing. Petr Bohuslávek, redakce
The definition of what is a common part of a residential building is essential especially when modifying the building structures and eliminating defects that affect both a common part and residential units. How common parts are defined affects who finances the modifications and reconstructions of such structures and parts. The definition of common parts is based on the new Civil Code (No. 89/2012 Coll.) and on the already abolished Act on Ownership of Housing (No. 72/1994 Coll.).
Administrativní budova Tamedia v Curychu

Technical Normalisation and Multi-Storey Timber Buildings

19.6.2017 | doc. Ing. Petr Kuklík, CSc., Ing. Lukáš Velebil, ČVUT v Praze, UCEEB, Ing. arch. Bc. Anna Gregorová, ČVUT v Praze
At present, there is growing interest in the realization of multi-storey wooden buildings. In the case of multi-storey wooden buildings, their safety, stiffness and acoustics are of key importance. The submitted paper focuses on the issue of fire safety of multi-storey wooden buildings, which is currently the subject of major discussions.

GDPR and security cameras in apartment buldings in 2018

5.6.2017 | JUDr. Alena Kučerová
Do you have a CCTV installed in your apartment building? What will happen to you in 2018, when the new European legal framework for the protection of personal data, which is the General Regulation 2016/679, comes into force.

Solar collectors and heat pumps - what are their testing and parameters good for?

22.5.2017 | doc. Ing. Tomáš Matuška, Ph.D., Univerzitní centrum energeticky efektivních budov, ČVUT v Praze
The parameters and characteristics obtained from the laboratory test are used to compare products in terms of performance and efficiency. The results also serve for the correct design and evaluation of the year-round behavior of the element built into the entire thermal system.

How it is made individual heating rate calculation

15.5.2017 | Jarmila Trčková, vedoucí rozúčtovacího oddělení společnosti ista Česká republika
The article deals with the definition of consumer and basic heating rate. It is recommended to use the ratio of 50 % basic nad 50 % consumer rate or 60 % consumer and 40 % basic if individual heat meters are used.

What are the rules for paying for hot water?

8.5.2017 | Jarmila Trčková, vedoucí rozúčtovacího oddělení společnosti ista Česká republika
For individual payment calculation for hot water we need an invoice from heat supplier with the total cost of the property in CZK and with the amount of GJ. In addition, we need the water supplier invoice, which includes the total cost of water and sewerage. For the calculation then we need water consumption from water meters.
20 comments, last 19.05.2017 20:46

Utilization of Carbon Nanofibers for Improvement of Temperature Resistance of Composites Based on Matrix Modified by High-temperature Fly Ash

1.5.2017 | Ing. Tomáš Melichar, Ph.D., doc. Ing. Jiří Bydžovský, CSc., Vysoké učení technické v Brně, Fakulta stavební, Ústav technologie stavebních hmot a dílců
The article presents research into the effect of carbon nanotubes in the blended polymer-silicate matrix containing raw materials from alternative sources. The intention was testing of several variations of mixture composition at the laboratory and also extreme temperature ambient. Assessing the suitability of the matrix composition was carried out by using both basic physico-mechanical parameters and then microstructural analysis methods (on selected samples).
Industrial building, průmyslová budova

Energy performance of industrial buildings – PART 3 – NEARLY ENERGY ZERO BUILDING

24.4.2017 | Ing. Jiří Cihlář, CEVRE Consultants s.r.o.
Mandatory standard of building design – nearly energy zero starts for larger industrial buildings from 1st January 2018. This will have a major impact, especially in the design of the building envelope. This article analyzes whether the current setting of requirements of this building standard is technically and economically achievable. Analysis is based on typical industrial building.

Temperature measurements by thermocouples during fire tests

24.4.2017 | Ing. Otto Dvořák, Ph.D., ČVUT Praha, pracoviště UCEEB, Ing. Jan Koller, Ph.D., ČVUT Praha, Fakulta elektotechnická (FEL)
The paper describes briefly the problems of temperature measurements during fire tests. To verify the standard requirement an experiment was conducted with three K type thermocouples (TC) of different diameters of wires and lengths of connected cables. TCs were inserted gradually into the el. heating furnace heated at the temperature of 800 ° C with records over time until reaching maximal steady state temperature; TCs were subsequently removed from the furnace and again with recording temperatures during cooling to the room temperature. The results are shown in the table and graphs. The experiments have confirmed that the sensitivity /response of TC to fluctuating temperatures of the gaseous medium depends on the diameter of the TC. It is obvious that these findings could have practical use in the field of fire protection.

Cables and requirements for their fire resistance

20.4.2017 | Peter Homola, Asociace výrobců kabelů a vodičů ČR a SR
In case of free laid cables which are not covered by plaster it is required that the & nbsp; designated fire compartments had isolation with reduced content of halogens causing formation of harmful substances such as hydrogen chloride when the cables are exposed to fire.

Increasing water mist extinguishing effect by electrification

17.4.2017 | Ing. Otto Dvořák, Ph.D., ČVUT Praha, pracoviště UCEEB, Ing. Jan Koller, Ph.D., ČVUT Praha, Fakulta elektotechnická (FEL)
This paper describes extinguishing experiments to verify the possibility of increasing the efficiency of extinguishing low, medium and high pressure water mist charging by the electric field of high DC voltage. The experimental results confirmed the effects of the electrical voltage, the configuration of electrodes (anode, cathode), the volumetric water flow rate, water pressure and the type of mist nozzle. Higher extinguishing effect electrically charged water mist to extinguish showed a shorter times to extinguishment, a smaller volume of water to extinguish the fire and extinguishing a higher percentage of successful attempts. Benefit: faster and more efficient fire- fighting with less risk of injury and less consequential damages in a protected space.
průmyslová budova s téměř nulovou spotřebou energie

Energy performance of industrial buildings – PART 2 – DESIGN OF BUILDING ENVELOPE

17.4.2017 | Ing. Jiří Cihlář, CEVRE Consultants s.r.o.
Design of building envelope, that means layers of so called boundary constructions; is the key procedure within the design process. It might seem that this step is crucial only for industrial buildings with low-energy ambitions or those that are intended for international environmental certification. This article is focusing on valid Czech legal requirements and also on the coming nearly energy zero standard of buildings.

Numerical modeling of membrane action of timber-fibre concrete construction in fire

10.4.2017 | Ing. Eva Šopíková, Ph.D., Ing. Petr Vymlátil, Ph.D., Designtec s.r.o., Brno, prof. Ing. František Wald, CSc., Ing. Anna Kuklíková, Ph.D., ČVUT v Praze, Fakulta stavební
This report presents a new method for designing composite timber steel-fibre-reinforced concrete slabs with unprotected secondary timber beams subject to fire, taking tensile membrane action into account. The FE-model consists of material tests, push-out shear tests and beam tests, which had formed a preliminary study. The FE-model represents the behaviour of the floor slab tested in experiment, together with a collapse prediction for the slab. The FE-model with characteristic material properties includes a safety concept based on the Eurocode standards, and is applied to define the fire resistance of various types of timber steel fibre-reinforced concrete flooring.

Energy performance of industrial buildings – PART 1 – LEGISLATION

10.4.2017 | Ing. Jiří Cihlář, CEVRE Consultants s.r.o.
Energy efficiency of industrial buildings in not very common topic. However, the quality of design must be based on valid national legislation and technical standards. Task to achieve best energy ratings is more and more frequently laid on building designer and energy specialist directly from investor – developer.

Environmental assessment of a detached family house Part 2

3.4.2017 | Bc. Richard Paksi, Ing. Karel Struhala, Vysoké učení technické v Brně, Fakulta stavební
This two-part paper deals with the topic of environmental effectiveness of buildings. The goal of the paper is evaluation of expected embodied environmental impacts related with a detached family house. First part of the paper describes the evaluated building and used methods. Seven currently common variants of load-bearing structures (walls and floors) are described and compared. Five variants include masonry, while the sixth and seventh variant includes cast-in-place reinforced concrete structures. The evaluation follows Life-Cycle Assessment (LCA) methodology according to ČSN EN 15978 standard. The results of the evaluation are shown in the second part of the paper. Under the specified boundary conditions the variant with ceramic masonry filled with mineral wool has 5–14 % lower environmental impacts than other evaluated variants.

Environmental assessment of a detached family house

27.3.2017 | Bc. Richard Paksi, Ing. Karel Struhala, Vysoké učení technické v Brně, Fakulta stavební
This two-part paper deals with the topic of environmental effectiveness of buildings. The goal of the paper is evaluation of expected embodied environmental impacts related with a detached family house. First part of the paper describes the evaluated building and used methods. Seven currently common variants of load-bearing structures (walls and floors) are described and compared. Five variants include masonry, while the sixth and seventh variant includes cast-in-place reinforced concrete structures. The evaluation follows Life-Cycle Assessment (LCA) methodology according to ČSN EN 15978 standard. The results of the evaluation are shown in the second part of the paper. Under the specified boundary conditions the variant with ceramic masonry filled with mineral wool has 5–14 % lower environmental impacts than other evaluated variants.

The invention, patent or utility model - who should sort?

8.3.2017 | Ing. Zdeněk Lyčka
The article explains the differences between the invention patents and utility model from the perspective of Czech legislation. Also highlights the confusion individual categories and purposeful fraud by producers and sellers of equipment.
1 comment, 08.03.2017 07:44

Model predictive control as a tool for ensuring and reduction of negotiated heat output

6.3.2017 | Ing. Jiří Cigler, Ph.D., Feramat Cybernetics s.r.o., Ing. Petr Kudera, Energocentrum Plus s.r.o.
Total cost of heating energy typically consists of two items. The former is the payment for consumed energy while the latter is the payment for reserved power capacity or reserved energy capacity in given period. If the customer pays for the reserved power capacity, he/she should address two questions: what is the most suitable level of reserved capacity and how to control the heating system so that the reserved capacity limits are not exceeded. Both questions can be readily solved with the aid of model based predictive controller.
6 comments, last 09.03.2017 09:32

Measurement and Evaluation of the Significant Sources of Natural Radioactivity

6.3.2017 | prof. Ing. Leonard Hobst , CSc., VUT v Brně
The natural radioactivity lives mankind throughout its development. The effects of radiation to some extent they can influence the evolutionary history of life on Earth. It is therefore important to determine what values the natural radioactivity would reach different locations of the world.

Crushed Straw Used as a Building Material

20.2.2017 | Ing. Jiří Teslík, Ing. Petr Kurečka, Ing. Naďa Zdražilová, VŠB Technická univerzita Ostrava, Fakulta stavební
Natural building materials are in recent years used still more often in civil engineering. One of these materials is also the straw. By its crushing and cutting into small pieces it is formed so-called crushed straw. The properties of this material, which are important for civil engineering, were not published yet unlike the properties of the straw in bales. In the Czech Republic there exist a many objects built from straw bales. In this paper there are described partial results of research which is implemented on Faculty of Civil Engineering, VSB – Technical University of Ostrava since 2013. The aim of this research it is to set fire resistance, thermal – technical properties and acoustical characteristics of crushed straw. There are described results of fire tests – flammability test and tests of single burning object (SBI). Subsequently there are referred results of thermal conductivity measurements, which were provided for different bulk densities of crushed straw.
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