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Výklad pojmů k tématu Energy Performance Contracting (EPC)

Výklad pojmů k tématu Energy Performance Contracting (EPC)

B2BBusiness to Business means a contract between two companies Examples: housing companies, municipality (public buildings), crafts enterprises, Retail industry, property developer rising up a settlement
B2CBusiness to Customer means a contract between a company (e.g. EES provider) and a private person Examples: tenants, private single house owners, private owners of small multifamily houses, buyers of prefabricated single houses
EnergyAll forms of commercially available energy, including electricity, natural gas (including liquefied natural gas), liquefied petroleum gas, any fuel for heating and cooling (including district heating and cooling), coal and lignite, peat, transport fuels (excluding aviation and maritime bunker fuels) and biomass as defined in Directive 2001/77/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 September 2001 on the promotion of electricity produced from renewable energy sources in the internal electricity market.
Energy auditA systematic procedure to obtain adequate knowledge of the existing energy consumption profile of a building or group of buildings, of an industrial operation and/or installation or of a private or public service, identify and quantify costıeffective energy savings opportunities, and report the findings (2006/32/EC). Systematic inspection and analysis of energy use and energy consumption of a system or organisation with the objective of identifying energy flows and the potential for energy efficiency improvement [prEN15900:2009]
Energy consumptionAmount of energy used.
Energy efficiencyRatio between an output of performance, service, goods or energy, and an input of energy [2006/32/EC and prEN 15900:2009]
Energy efficiency improvement (EEI)Increase in energy efficiency as a result of technological, behavioural and/or economic changes [prEN 15900:2009]. EEI relevant for the ChangeBest project are only those that are increases in energy end-use efficiency [i.e. applying the definition of EEI in 2006/32/EC]
EEI actionEEI action
Energy efficiency service (EES)Agreed task or tasks designed to lead to an energy efficiency improvement and other agreed performance criteria [prEN 15900:900]. The agreement can relate to the task and/or to the improvement. Other agreed performance criteria can be comfort level, production throughput, safety, etc. The EES shall be based on collected data related to energy consumption. It shall include energy audit as well as identification, selection and implementation of actions and verification. A documented description of the proposed or agreed framework for the actions and the follow-up procedure shall be provided. The improvement of energy efficiency shall be measured and verified over a contractually defined period of time through contractually agreed methods [prEN 15900:2009; cf. also Annex A of this norm]
Partial services connected to EESServices that just include parts (“components”) of the EES chain like energy audits, but are designed to directly or indirectly lead to an EEI.
EESCEnergy Efficiency Service Company. An entity that delivers EES. Synonymously to ESCO, but with a wording that makes clear that the company focuses on EEI actions for their customers. [expression used by]
EES contract types:a) supply contracting (focused on the supply of a set of energy services mainly via outsourcing the energy supply), b) energy performance contracting (where the EES providers use the stream of income from the cost savings to repay the costs of the project, including the costs of the investment) c) other contracting types (e.g. leasing, Build-Own-Operate-Transfer (BOOT) contracts, chauffage, etc.).
EES providerAny entity that delivers EES. Can be synonymously used to “ESCO” or “EESC”.
EES provider or provider of partial services connected to EES Any entity that delivers EES or partial services connected to EES. Provider types: Energy service company (ESCO) Equipment manufacturer or supplier Energy supply company Energy distribution company Trading company (wholesale) Multiutility company Energy consulting company Facility or property management company Equipment installer Independent specialist company Energy Agency Bank ESCO of a finance institution Mix of some of the above Other In case of ESCOs it might be of use to specify whether the ESCO is a public ESCOs, private ESCOs, public-private joint ventures, multinational companies e.g. having or not heating and building control equipment retailer origin, independent specialist companies.
EES provider financingRefers to financing with internal funds of the EES provider (i.e. the EES provider is the borrower) and may involve use of its own capital or funding through other debt or lease instruments
EES value chain stages1) awareness raising, 2) information and energy advice, 3) identification of measures, 4) technical planning, 5) financing and subsidies, 6) implementation (operation, supervision), 7) optimisation of technical operation, 8) saving measurement and verification. *)
Energy serviceThe physical benefit, utility or good derived from a combination of energy with energy efficient technology and/or with action (…) which is delivered on the basis of a contract and in normal circumstances has proven to lead to verifiable and measurable or estimable energy efficiency improvement and/or primary energy savings (2006/32/EC)
ESCOAny entity that delivers EES and in doing so takes some kind of finanical risk and meets some defined energy efficiency performance criteria. (similar to 2006/32/EC). In practice, “ESCO” is often used synonymously to providers of energy performance contracting. Cf. also the definition of EESC and definition of EES provider.
Energy companyCompany that deals with energy carriers. It should be differentiated between energy distributors, distribution system operators and retail energy sales companies as defined in the ESD Among these, maybe further differentiating between electricity, natural gas, or heat companies or companies that deliver or distribute more than one of these energy carriers (combined).
EPCEnergy performance contracting: An EES which is paid for through energy savings valuation. Directive 2006/32/EC: A contractual arrangement between the beneficiary and the provider (…) of an energy improvement measure, where investments in that measure are paid for in relation to a contractually agreed level of energy efficiency improvement.
Energy user/customer financing:Usually involves financing with internal funds of the energy user/customer backed or not by an energy saving guarantee provided by the EES provider (for instance an university can use its endowment fund to finance an energy project in which the energy savings are guaranteed by an EES provider). Energy-user/customer financing may also be associated with borrowing in the case when the energy-user/customer as a direct borrower has to provide a guarantee (collateral) to finance the institution.
Financing typesThe ChangeBest project distinguish between different financing types, e.g.: EES provider financing, energy user/customer financing and third-party financing.
Policy instrumentsCategorisation: 1) Regulation a) environmental permits (e.g. WBM) b) standards (buildings and appliances) 2) Financial incentives a) subsidies and fiscal facilities b) taxes and special tariffs 3) Agreements 4) Market based instruments (WCS) 5) Communication/procurement/labels 6) Other
SectorsSectors where EES may be provided: **)
Third-party financing (TPF)Refers solely to debt financing. As its name suggests, project financing comes from a third party, e.g. a finance institution and not from internal funds of EES provider or of the customer. The finance institution may either assume the rights to the energy savings or may take a security interest in the project equipment. There are two conceptually different TPF arrangements; the key difference between them is which party borrows the money: the EES provider or the Text

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